Online chat

Do you have any question?

Persian Carpet

Persian Carpet

Persian Carpet

The art of carpet weaving in Iran originated more than 2,500 years ago. Persian carpets and rugs were initially woven as articles of necessity to cover the floors of nomadic tribesmen, giving them protection from the cold and damp. The natural progression of the skill and craft involved in the creation of these works of art has been passed down from generation to generation over the centuries throughout periods of peace, invasion and war. As international trade developed, the variety of patterns and designs grew.

Much of the progression of the Persian carpet lies in conjunction with the various rulers of the country throughout time. When Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon in 539 BC, he was struck by its splendor and many historians credit him for introducing the art of carpet making into Persia. It is said that the tomb of Cyrus, who was buried at Pasargadae near Persepolis, was covered with precious carpets. Even before his time, it is very likely that Persian nomads created at least very simple designs for their own homes. Their herds of sheep and goats provided them with high quality and durable wool for this purpose. In 1949 Russian archaeologists discovered the oldest known knotted carpet in the Pazyryk valley, on the Altai Mountains of Siberia. Dating back to the 5th century BC the Pazyryk carpet is a fine example of the skill which existed and has been developed and refined over the centuries. The carpet survived over two millennium preserved in the frozen tombs of Scythian nobles, and is now the showpiece of the Hermitage Museum of Leningrad (St. Petersburg).

Persian Carpet

The intricacy of this rug suggests that even at this early date, the art of carpet weaving had progressed well beyond simple rugs designed for practical purposes. The first documented evidence on the existence of carpets came from Chinese texts dating back to the Sassanid Dynasty (224 – 641 AD). In 628 AD, the Emperor Heraclius brought back a variety of carpets from the conquest of Ctesiphon, the Sassanian capital. The Arabs also conquered Ctesiphon in 637 AD, and among the spoils brought back were said to be many carpets, one of which was the famous garden carpet, the “Springtime of Khosro”. This carpet has passed into history as the most precious of all time. Made during the reign of Khosro I (531 – 579 AD) the carpet was enormous, measuring 400’ x 100’ and weighing several tones. Historians describe the silk based rug as follows: “The border was a magnificent flower bed of blue, red, white, yellow and green stones; in the background the color of the earth was imitated with gold; clear stones like crystals gave the illusion of water; the plants were in silk and the fruits were formed by color stones”. The king is said to have strolled along the carpet in winter to remind him of the beauty of spring.  However, when the Arabs invaded they cut the magnificent carpet into many pieces, selling each piece separately. Picture of the Pazyryk carpet the center-piece of the Ardabil Rug the Pazyryk Rug (left) and Ardabil Carpet (right). After the period of domination by the Arab Caliphates, a Turkish tribe, named after their founder, Seljuk conquered Persia. Their domination (1038 – 1194 AD) was of great importance in the history of Persian carpets. The Seljuk women were skillful carpet makers using Turkish knots. In the provinces of Azerbaijan and Hamadan where Seljuk influence was strongest and longest lasting, the Turkish knot is used to this day.

Persian Carpet

The Mongol conquest and control of Persia (1220 – 1449) was initially brutal. However, they soon came under the influence of the Persians. The palace of Tabriz, belonging to the Ilkhan leader, Ghazan Khan (1295 – 1304) had paved floors covered with precious carpets. The Mongol ruler Shah Rokh (1409 – 1446) contributed to the reconstruction of much that was destroyed by the Mongols and encouraged all the artistic activities of the region. However, the carpets in this period were decorated with simple motifs, which were mainly geometric in style. The Persian carpet reached its zenith during the reign of the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th century AD. Approximately 1500 examples are preserved in various museums and in private collections worldwide. During the reign of Shah Abbas (1587 – 1629), commerce and crafts prospered in Persia. Shah Abbas encouraged contacts and trade with Europe and transformed his new capital, Isfahan, into one of the most glorious cities of Persia. He also built workshops for carpets where skilled designers and craftsmen set to work to create splendid specimens. Most of these carpets were made of silk, with gold and silver threads adding even more embellishment. Two of the best know carpets of the Safavid period; dated 1539 come from the mosque of Ardabil. Many experts believe that these carpets represent the culmination of achievement in carpet design. The larger of the two carpets is now a centerpiece in London’s Victoria and Albert Museum.

Persian Carpet

The court period of the Persian carpet ended with the Afghan invasion in 1722. The Afghans destroyed Isfahan, yet their domination lasted for only a short period and in 1736, a young Chieftain from Khorasan, Nader Khan became the Shah of Persia. Through the whole course of his reign, all the country’s forces were utilized in campaigns against the Afghans, the Turks, and the Russians. During this period, and for several turbulent years after his death in 1747, no carpets of any great value were made; solely nomads and craftsmen in small villages continued the tradition of their craft.

In the last quarter of the 19th Century and during the reign of Qajar, trade and craftsmanship regained their importance. Carpet making flourished once more with Tabriz merchants exporting carpets to Europe through Istanbul. By the end of the 19th Century some European and American companies even set up businesses in Persia and organized craft production destined for western markets. Through this development new designs were made with Western tastes in mind. An example of this is the Manchester based German company Ziegler & Co. moving to Iran to develop new carpets for export, their work with the master weavers of Iran led to the development of carpets suited to Western interiors such as the Ziegler rug which is currently one of the most popular rugs in production.

Persian Carpet

Today, carpet weaving is by far the most widespread handicraft in Iran. Persian carpets are renowned for their richness of color, variety of spectacular artistic patterns and quality of design. In palaces, famous buildings, mansions and museums the world over, a Persian carpet is amongst the most treasured of possessions.

Tags:, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Post Discussion

31 thoughts on “Persian Carpet

  1. Gabino

    Nomadic weavers. Excursion to the traditional pastures of Qashqa’i nomads, renowned for producing vibrant tribal rugs and trappings. The Persian carpets knotted by Qashqa’i nomads in Iran have long been highly prized, not least for their beautiful – sometimes figural – design elements, but also for their high quality. These Oriental carpets are hand-knotted from fine

    3 years ago Reply

  2. Diasise

    [url=]kamagra without prescription[/url]

    3 years ago Reply

  3. appoifela 3 years ago Reply

  4. Blammahep 2 years ago Reply

  5. Ugodrync

    [url=]sildenafil otc us[/url]

    2 years ago Reply

  6. Carldrync

    [url=]sildenafil 25 mg uk[/url]

    2 years ago Reply

  7. Yondrync

    [url=]cheapest sildenafil 100 mg uk[/url]

    2 years ago Reply

  8. Teddrync

    [url=]buy genuine viagra online canada[/url]

    2 years ago Reply

  9. Markdrync

    [url=]where to buy tretinoin gel online[/url]

    2 years ago Reply

  10. Teodrync


    2 years ago Reply

  11. axiosse

    [url=]levitra club[/url] General measuresadvice for the patient Saline nasal spray aids drainage.

    2 years ago Reply

  12. Tangela

    Hello There. I found your blog the use of msn. That is
    a very neatly written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your
    useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll certainly return.

    my site رستان نیوز

    2 years ago Reply

  13. DennisPlure 2 years ago Reply

  14. Google


    Here are some hyperlinks to web sites that we link to due to the fact we believe they’re worth visiting.

    2 years ago Reply

  15. Rislalmag

    The state of Academic film today Resources for scholars, archivists, media librarians The AFA who it is, what it does Call for increased awareness, scholarship, and preservation of the academic film A short list of important academic filmmakers brand cialis online

    2 years ago Reply

  16. endurgy

    how to beat tamoxifen weight gain Zocdoc helps you find and book top-rated doctors, on demand.

    2 years ago Reply

  17. Sweeveata

    Thus, our study provides a potential link between reduced PGC- 1О± levels and the reduced capacity to reabsorb sodium with age. doxycycline vet canada In both this and another case of perforation of a sigmoid diverticulum the complication was not immediately recognized, the duodenal perforation only being detected 5 days after administration of the barium meal 10.

    2 years ago Reply

  18. playesy

    So in the run game, just like in most plays, everybodyГў tamoxifen without prescription

    2 years ago Reply

  19. Christina Young

    As a UK-based business involved in cleaning, repairing and sales of Persian and oriental rugs, we loved your article on the history and importance of Persian rug weaving in Iran and whetted our appetitre to visit your beautiful country, However we were concerned that all the comments received above ours did not relate at all to the topic of your page—the history and beauty of Persian rugs from Iran (formerly Persia). Your webmaster and Akismet are not doing their job properly and it seems anyone selling snake oil can leave a comment with impunity.

    2 years ago Reply

  20. Christina Young

    As a UK-based business involved in cleaning, repairing and sales of Persian and oriental rugs at we loved your article on the history and importance of Persian rug weaving in Iran and whetted our appetitre to visit your beautiful country, However we were concerned that all the comments received above ours did not relate at all to the topic of your page—the history and beauty of Persian rugs from Iran (formerly Persia). Your webmaster and Akismet are not doing their job properly and it seems anyone selling snake oil can leave a comment with impunity.

    2 years ago Reply

  21. scablible

    In a review of 190 symptomatic patients with PMs, the most common presentation was central DI, present in 86 of those patients, accounting for 45 taking lasix but not peeing much I m not sure why that is, but that does seem to be born out clinically

    2 years ago Reply

  22. infegitle

    nolvadex pct cycle Oleanolic acid NO donor platinum II trihybrid molecules Targeting cytotoxicity on hepatoma cells with combined action mode and good safety

    2 years ago Reply

  23. Uttethy

    No wonder we have so many health complications in this country, we start out by giving our children the c buy cialis online forum

    2 years ago Reply

  24. 1differentiate


    1 year ago Reply

  25. DannyCappy 11 months ago Reply

  26. DannyCappy 11 months ago Reply

  27. nimabi

    Thank you very much for sharing, I learned a lot from your article. Very cool. Thanks. nimabi

    6 months ago Reply

  28. Muriel

    Wow, wonderful weblog format! How long have you ever been running a blog for?
    you made running a blog glance easy. The entire glance of your site
    is great, as smartly as the content material!

    You can see similar: sklep internetowy and here

    My web page; sklep online

    4 months ago Reply

  29. Tài khon binance min phí

    Your article helped me a lot, is there any more related content? Thanks!

    4 months ago Reply

  30. Elmerabunc

    Абсолютно трендовые события подиума.
    Актуальные события самых влиятельных подуимов.
    Модные дома, бренды, гедонизм.
    Интересное место для стильныех людей.

    4 weeks ago Reply

  31. LeCoupon

    LeCoupon: интересные новинки для любителей fashion шоппинга
    Лента новостей, события, стильные образы, эвенты, коллекции, показы.

    5 days ago Reply

Add a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.